Frachtbox team

The packaging logistics

Published 15 Jan 2022

The packaging logistics

The packaging logistics

Packaging logistics is a sub-area of ​​logistics; it is a kind of link between production and distribution. In addition to the packaging materials, packaging logistics also deals with the corresponding processes and structures of packing and packing; whereby it is identified overall as a field of work that offers enormous potential for optimization and savings. It is to be distinguished from the terminology of logistic packaging, which primarily refers to the type of packaging, such as insulating packaging.

Packaging: definition

Packaging is the wrapping of packaged goods to protect the environment or the packaged goods themselves, for portioning for production/use and also for transport, storage and marketing. The packaging consists of packaging material (material), packaging material (cover made from the material) and packaging aids, which in turn enable packaging, sealing and preparation for dispatch. Packaging is the result of a packaging process (see also (sorter) packing), which begins with the design of the packaging and forms a packaging system when viewed holistically.

Packaging is a coordinated system of preparing goods for safe, secure, efficient and effective handling, transport, distribution, storage, retailing, consumption and recovery, reuse or disposal combined with maximizing consumer value, sales and hence profit.


The functions of packaging or packaging can be divided into three areas:

Logistics (enabling and facilitating transport, protecting the product and the environment, providing information (see also information in intralogistics), see for example RFID)

Marketing (format, design, customer retention and satisfaction)

Environment (recyclable, reusable, disposable, reverse logistics)

Packaging logistics: fields of activity

The packaging logistics must be coordinated with both the storage and transport logistics. All three areas have in common that they represent a link between production and distribution (see also distribution centre). The control, organization and optimization of a company's packaging processes are the responsibility of packaging logistics. The packaging logistics takes care of the coordination of the interests of storage and transport logistics and must also work out an optimal solution with the packaging manufacturer.

If you understand logistics as a field of activity that plans, implements and controls the corresponding processes and structures, while packaging or packaging contains, secures and protects, advertises and informs products - then packaging logistics includes an optimization bandwidth that extends from production to the end consumer; even more, since the disposal of the packaging has to be considered.

From the company's point of view, the packaging process is the central element in the picking/packing / preparing for the dispatch process chain. Efficient packaging logistics save costs by keeping the times for packing and unpacking as short as possible. The packaging logistics also influence the storage costs, on the one hand by optimally calculating the space requirements and selecting the types of packaging accordingly to achieve the most efficient use of space (see also storage capacity). Overall, one can speak of a packaging system that goes so far that it leads to a lower transport volume, for example through space-saving packaging.

In this way, packaging logistics can both save costs along the value chain and protect the environment. The following example clearly shows how the many facets of packaging logistics (intralogistics, logistics, environment and marketing) are reflected in an integral solution.



packaging systems

There are different levels and types of packaging in a packaging system. Each level has its features and focuses that can be tweaked. In addition, it is crucial for functioning packaging logistics that the levels communicate and interact smoothly with each other. The following are the most important and most common types for logistics:

Primary packaging (packaging is in direct contact with the product; packaging that you receive as a consumer)

Secondary packaging (contains multiple primary packaging)

Tertiary packaging (several primary or secondary packagings arranged together on a pallet (see EPAL) or a container)

Group packaging (packaging that protects or presents multiple primary packages)

Transport packaging/industrial packaging (should ensure efficient production and distribution through quick and easy processing, transport and storage of multiple primary packaging; should also prevent transport damage and incorrect handling)

Used packaging (packaging material obtained after unpacking the product).