Published 08 Dec 2021
Overview of the term logistics
The term logistics generally refers to the planning, management and control of material and immaterial flows of goods. These flow between several companies, within a company or between suppliers and end customers. The flow of goods and information, therefore, belongs to logistics, but also flows of people. In addition, logistics represents both an economic sector and an operational function as well as an interdisciplinary science.
Areas in logistics
From a business point of view, logistics is divided into four subsystems:
- Procurement logistics
- Production logistics
- Distribution logistics
- Disposal logistics
Procurement logistics is the first link in the chain and we will discuss this in detail in our next article.
Logistics, however, is process-oriented in particular, terms have become established for sub-areas that subsume all logistical tasks in a specific, comprehensive process section or the logistic processes are more individually developed to differentiate them from other areas and industries. These sub-areas can then intersect with other areas, also include them and fulfil individual functions together. In general, however, the following specifications apply as sub-areas of logistics:
- warehouse logistics
- transport logistics
- packaging logistics
- information logistics
- Branch logistics
- Last-mile logistics
Warehouse logistics was covered in our previous article, so I want to briefly summarize it here.
Warehouse logistics includes all tasks for planning, provision, control, testing and optimization of processes to properly deal with own and/or third-party goods in a warehouse (storage types) from incoming goods to outgoing goods.
The goal of warehouse logistics is the optimal use of warehouse functions. The background is that all stations are interdependent. The goods in a warehouse must be traceable at all times, both in the storage rack and in the system.