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What Is The Internet Of Things (IoT)?


Published 13 Oct 2021

What Is The Internet Of Things (IoT)?

What Is The Internet Of Things (IoT)?


Technological developments, which once seemed like fantastic fiction to people, are indispensable today. How can we give up using our mobile phones, shopping online, obeying traffic lights, sending e-mails to the other side of the world in seconds, paying bills while sitting in our favorite sofa at home or transferring money to our child who is studying abroad, monitoring our home or office miles away via security cameras, following our truck via GPRS, using e-Government, preparing and sending online customs documents kilometers away and a whole host of conveniences like that?


Isn't it a pleasing pogress that the X-ray we get on the bottom floor, come to the doctor's computer before we take the elevator up to the doctor's room? Especially, if the results are good :)


M2M, which we introduced in our previous blog, and today's topic IoT are technologies that enables us to do such above things easily.


Internet Of Things... What Is That?


The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the network of physical objects - "things" - that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the internet. 


That includes an extraordinary number of objects of all shapes and sizes - from smart microwaves, which automatically cook your food for the right lenght of time, to self-driving cars, whose complex sensors detect objects in their path, to wearable fitness devices that measure your heart rate and the number of steps you've taken that day. There are even connected footballs that can track how far and fast they are thrown and record those statistics via an app for future training purposes. The Internet of Things anables citizens, businesses and governments to interact remotely and at scale with a host of once-disconnected objects. It enables us to gather data from them, generate insights from that data, and then (sometimes) send instructions back to those devices that help those devices (cars, tractors, whatever) better to perform their tasks. 


How Does The Internet Of Things Work?


The Internet of Things is the next stage of the internet's evolution. At first, we only connected computers and then smartphones to the internet. Now, we're connecting a whole range of objects, devices, processes and "things" to the internet so that we can interact with them from afar at scale while gathering up useful data from them.


Devices and objects with built in sensors are connected to an Internet of Things platform, which integrates data from the different devices and applies analytics to share the most valuable information with applications built to address specific needs. This information can be used to detect patterns, make recommendations, and detect possible problems before they occur.


The information picked up by connected devices enables us to make smart decisions based on real-time information, which helps us save time and money. Smartphones do play a large role in the IoT, because many IoT devices can be controlled through an app on a smartphone. You can use your smartphone to communicate with your smart thermostat, for example, to deliver the perfect temperature for you by the time you get home from work. In this way you save money on energy costs due to eliminating unneeded heating or cooling while you’re away.

 

 

IoT And Artificial Intelligence


IoT devices contain sensors and mini-computer processors that act on the data collected by the sensors via machine learning.


Machine learning is when computers learn in a similar way to humans — by collecting data from their surroundings — and it is what makes IoT devices smart. This data can help the machine learn your preferences and adjust itself accordingly. Machine learning is a type of artificial intelligence that helps computers learn without having to be programmed by someone. For example your connected refrigerator may send you an alert on your smartphone that you’re low on eggs and milk because it knows you’re near a supermarket. Wow, impressive!


Essentially, IoT devices are mini computers, connected to the internet, but unfortunately they are vulnerable to malware and hacking.



Benefits Of Internet Of Things (IoT)


The Internet of Things offers a number of benefits to organizations that enable them to:

 

·         Monitoring general business processes

·         Improving the customer experience

·         Saving time and money

·         Increasing employee productivity

·         Integrating and adapting business models

·         Making better business decisions

·         Get more income



IoT Scenario In Transport


Smart objects and systems mean you can automate certain tasks, particularly when these are repetitive, mundane, time-consuming or even dangerous. Let’s look at a example to see what this looks like in real life:


Having been woken by your smart alarm, you’re now driving to work. On comes the engine light. You’d rather not head straight to the garage, but what if it’s something urgent? In a connected car, the sensor that triggered the check engine light would communicate with others in the car. A component called the diagnostic bus collects data from these sensors and passes it to a gateway in the car, which sends the most relevant information to the manufacturer’s platform. The manufacturer can use data from the car to offer you an appointment to get the part fixed, send you directions to the nearest dealer, and make sure the correct replacement part is ordered so it’s ready for you when you show up.



The History And Future Of IoT


It’s not science fiction. We are living connected lives filled with internet-enabled devices that learn our preferences and provide the experiences we want to make our lives more convenient. And the technology that makes it possible to connect our lives is expanding.


It all started in the early 1980s when Carnegie Mellon University students developed the first internet-connected device. It was a Coke vending machine that would tell the programmers if the soda was cold enough for them to want to make the trip from their desks to the machine.


In the 20th century, telecommunications technology enabled us to hold conversations with each other at great distances with phones.


Starting in the early 21st century smart phones changed the world. They enabled us, to hold the power of the internet in our palms on the go. The mobile generation truly began.


Starting not long after the smartphone era began, we started seeing the value of being able to access the internet from a whole range of smaller, mobile devices. Not only to “read” data from things in the world but also to “write” data—e.g. instructions—to them.


Finally, here’s where the Internet of Things (or “IoT) fits into the story! The Internet of Things is a concept that was first used by Kevin Ashton in a presentation in 1991.


The Internet of Things refers to the practice of connecting objects, devices and spaces to the internet that previously were “outside” of the reach of the internet. As we’ve seen, until just a few years ago, the internet was constrained to basically two things: computers and then cell phones. Now, we’re bringing a bunch of things online: cars, speakers (e.g. Alexa), home appliances like fridges and washing machines, city municipal infrastructure, farming equipment—the list goes on.