Published 13 Jan 2021
Occupational Safety And Health In Logistics
What Is Occupational Safety And Health?
Occupational safety and health (OSH) also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS), occupational health,or occupational safety, is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people at occupation. As defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) "occupational health deals with all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on primary prevention of hazards." Health has been defined as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." Occupational health is a multidisciplinary field of healthcare concerned with enabling an individual to undertake their occupation, in the way that causes least harm to their health. It aligns with the promotion of health and safety at work, which is concerned with preventing harm from hazards in the workplace.
Risks In The Logistics Sector
Heavy vehicles are involved in about 21% of all road fatalities, according to the NSW Centre for Road Safety. It is therefore important for all drivers, managers and contractors within the transport and logistics industry to consider safety as a high priority. While many factors contribute to safety on the road, driver health is an important consideration and drivers must meet certain medical standards.
Fatigue can affect a person's health and decrease the performance and productivity, increasing the likelihood of a workplace accident or road crash.
How to manage heavy vehicle driver fatigue is an important issue, which is regulated with fixed breaks and maximum working hours. All parties in the supply chain have a role in ensuring that any risks associated with fatigue are eliminated, minimized or controlled through the creation of an effective fatigue-management system.
The safe loading of vehicles is equally, vitally important in preventing injury to people and damage to property. This is also highlighted with easy-to-read dos and don’ts on how to arrange and manage loads and restraints.
EU Legislation For Health And Safety At The Workplace In The Transport Sector
The rules established by the European Union for health and safety at the workplace are an outstanding example for other countries and regions. Since the EU covers a lot of countries it will be beneficial to examine the legislation of the EU regarding this topic. Two documents regarding the transport policy in Europe touch also upon the safety and health of workers in the transport sector: the ‘White paper: European transport policy for 2010’ and the ‘Communication on freight transport logistics in Europe’.
The ‘White paper: European transport policy for 2010’ (2001) and its mid-term review ‘Keep Europe moving — Sustainable mobility for our continent’ (2006), aim to strike a balance between economic development and the quality and safety demands made by society to develop a modern, sustainable transport system. The White Paper proposed almost 60 measures designed to implement a transport system capable of restoring the balance between different modes, revitalizing the railways, promoting sea and waterway shipments and controlling the increase in air transport.
The fast growth of freight transport contributes to the economy but also causes congestion, noise, air pollution and accidents. The aim of the ‘Communication on freight transport logistics in Europe’ (2006) is therefore to improve the efficacy of the European transport system through logistics and to promote multimodality as the way to make freight transport more environmentally friendly, safer and more energy efficient. Actions in the following areas are proposed: extracting value from information and communications technology networks, establishing European certification, developing statistical indicators, using infrastructure more efficiently, recognizing quality, simplifying multimodal chains and establishing European loading standards, etc.
Legislation With Relevance To Road Transport
There is legislation which deal with the road transport. It is beneficial to look at some examples to comprehend the idea.
These are just a few of the EU legislation regarding occupational health and safety. Countries within the EU expand these legislations in line with the European Union directives.